In Portugal, every year around 400 children and young people are diagnosed with cancer.
Cancer is the leading cause of non-accidental death in the child and adolescent population, although these days, thanks to great progress in terms of diagnosis and treatment in recent decades, nearly 90% of these children and adolescents survive.
Little is known about the causes that lead to the onset of cancer in children and adolescents, which leads to prevention to be virtually non-existent.
The most common types of cancer in children are Leukaemia, Lymphomas and Central Nervous System Tumours.
In Portugal there are four paediatric oncology centres: Portuguese Oncology Institute Francisco Gentil in Lisbon, Paediatric Hospital in Coimbra, Portuguese Oncology Institute Francisco Gentil in Oporto and São João Hospital in Oporto.